Politics

Gig Workers and the Debate Over California’s Proposition 22

Introduction Over the course of the pandemic, many Americans turned to app-based food-delivery services at unprecedented levels. The Wall Street Journal reported that between March-April 2020, as many localities imposed lockdowns or individuals themselves decided to self-quarantine, new customer acquisitions by food-delivery services increased from 19,810 to 33,376 customers. This sharp increase in business for app-based delivery … Continue reading

The Supply Chain Crisis Extends Far and Wide 
Economy / Labor Force / Politics

The Supply Chain Crisis Extends Far and Wide 

Executive Summary  Failures in the supply chain can be detected along virtually every aspect of the process; some existed before COVID-19, while others were caused by the pandemic.  It is unclear how long these problems will persist; especially as demand increases through the holiday season.  The United States Department of Transportation attempted to address these issues by expanding the capacity and efficiency of … Continue reading

Education / Labor Force / Politics

A Closer Look at the Rising Popularity of Apprenticeships and the Decrease in College Enrollment

Introduction Over the past decade, college enrollment has been on the decline while participation in apprenticeship programs has grown. The U.S. Department of Labor defines an apprenticeship as “an industry-driven, high-quality career pathway where employers can develop and prepare their future workforce, and individuals can obtain paid work experience, classroom instruction, and a nationally-recognized, portable credential.” Many … Continue reading

Yes, “Gig City’s” Public Broadband is Fast, but its Economic Future is Questionable  
Economy / Politics / Technology

Yes, “Gig City’s” Public Broadband is Fast, but its Economic Future is Questionable  

Executive Summary  The impacts of Covid-19 will continue to elicit conversation about funding municipal broadband projects, so we must be aware of the long-term financial obligations associated with these programs.     Chattanooga’s public broadband produces speeds much faster than the national average, but the economic responsibility looms far into the future.   The financial structure of the Electric Power Board’s public broadband will be difficult to duplicate, so the Chattanooga program should not be used as … Continue reading

Politics

Exploring the Atlantic Divide in Antitrust: Consumer Welfare v. Abuse of Dominance

Introduction The US antitrust standard has long been dictated by common law derived from the court system’s interpretation of “monopoly” behavior prescribed by Section 2 of the Sherman Act. From this jurisprudence, the US has upheld the consumer welfare standard of antitrust, placing a premium on innovation and efficiency that benefits consumers. Across the Atlantic, … Continue reading

Politics

Quit Rates and the Crisis of Disrespect

In this era of unprecedented labor market activity, in which job openings are skyrocketing, wages are rising, and fewer workers are transitioning from unemployment to employment, there have been several developments that have exacerbated these seemingly contradictory trends.  Although much of the story surrounding the current labor market has been focused on the barriers to … Continue reading

Politics

Congress Looks to Expand Opportunity Zones, But Should They?

By Rose Laoutaris Introduction Last month, Rep. Jim Hagedorn (MN-01) introduced the Expanding Opportunity Zones Act of 2021. This bill would increase the number of low-income communities designated as Opportunity Zones (OZs), “economically distressed” communities that receive tax advantages. These exist in every state, and deferred tax savings range from 25  to 30 percent. The … Continue reading

Politics

Patient Adherence in Chronic Illness

Introduction  In the chronic illness sphere, patient adherence to prescribed medications is a major predictor of successful outcomes. Previous studies have shown that 50-60 percent of patients with chronic illnesses miss doses, take the wrong dosages, or withdraw from treatment in the first year after being diagnosed. Lack of medication adherence is associated with poorer health outcomes, and 125,000 deaths each year in the … Continue reading

Politics

Contentment Wanted: A Closer Look at America’s Labor Shortage

Ever since April’s disappointing jobs report—which showed an increase of only 260,000 jobs against projections of over 1 million—economists, labor market specialists, and employers have all been trying to locate the source of workers’ unwillingness to return to work. By now, the concert of variables are familiar to most—the generous unemployment supplement, lack of access to childcare, fear of the virus, and inadequate pay. What has gone largely unobserved in this raging debate, however, is another … Continue reading